Budgerigar food is generally based on seeds, but it should be noted that budgies also eat greens and fruits. When they are not familiar with a certain type of food, they will reject it. In the wild, seeds are always eaten raw and fresh. That’s why sometimes a budgie will not eat some seeds that are offered. We recommend that the budgerigar diet to be done on a certain schedule. In captivity, their diet consists mainly of common millet, and as a nutritional supplement, a variety of fresh vegetables.
Adult budgies eat seeds and herbs, and chicks eat what they receive from their parents or what they eat from the other parakeets. Balanced budgerigar nutrition is the secret to growing a healthy budgie. A poor budgie diet can lead to illness or behavioral problems. Therefore, the budgie parakeet food must contain carbohydrate, protein, fat, vitamins and minerals.
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Protein - This consumes about 12-15% of the daily diet. Millet largely covers this need, as it contains 11.1% protein. We recommend that you add other foods to complement protein intake. An example of this would be lentils which are 21% protein and 5.5% minerals. Like fat, protein goes into body tissues (eyes, blood, skin, brain) and can be oxidized in case the food is insufficient. Meat, eggs, and fish can be added to the normal budgerigar diet.
Carbohydrates and fats - Their main role is to provide the body energy. In winter, when budgies consume more energy and more food, their diet is necessarily richer in fats and carbohydrates. Millet contains 59.8% carbohydrate and 3.7% fat – it is recommended in winter. Other seeds such as rice, corn and wheat are also high in carbohydrates.
Vitamins and minerals - A budgie diet rich in vitamins includes fruits, oils, meat and some vegetables. If a vitamin is in excess, others will be inhibited (a budgie will shed if vitamin A inhibits vitamin E). As a source of minerals includes calcium, iodine, sulfur, magnesium, potassium, phosphorus, sodium, copper, of which the most important is calcium and phosphorus. Lack of iodine in the diet causes gout and thyroid diseases and causes stagnation of growth. Salt is to prevent massive loss of feathers. An addition to the daily menu parakeets is grass and clover seeds. Vegetables should be always fresh.
How to choose budgerigar parakeet food
Budgerigar usually eats seeds and dried apples, pears, carrots, tiny grains of corn, boiled egg and its shell. Boiled chicken egg and its shell are consumed by females who lay eggs and are a good source of protein. When we put out our budgerigar food, we must put a normal amount to maintain their natural survival instinct. It is not good to teach him to be lazy because he will expect to be fed and he will be weak and rather silly.
A budgerigar diet must be chosen that is varied in seeds, insects and vitamins. Fat is stored in tissues, providing protection to internal organs and is also a source of energy. Protein is a component of skin, eyes and the brain. Foods rich in protein are meat, butter, fish and seeds. Foods rich in vitamins are fruits, vegetables, meat and fat.
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Prepare different dishes: an apple and a grated carrot with 3 tablespoons bread crumbs. It can also be scraped into a boiled egg and place there with egg shells. To ensure certain nutrients and vitamins especially following the parakeet’s recovery after a disease, we recommend salted cow cheese. You should usually put seeds in the cage boxes. If you have several budgies, place the food in a larger container because they will eat at the same time. Fruits and vegetables are scraped and can put in a box.
If they do not eat fruit, try to give them larger pieces. Budgie breeders warn that the seeds are like pizza (a delicious fast food but low in vitamins). Budgie food must be completed with: carrots, capsicum, spinach, lettuce, pears, melon, bananas, cod-liver oil, broccoli, corn, fresh pineapple, kiwi, berries.
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What is forbidden in the budgerigar food
Food and water should be placed in clean vessels. Avoid seeds such as weeds because they cause indigestion. Avoid foods that contain salt because salt causes diarrhea and even death! Do not give alcohol, chocolate, potatoes! Boiled egg must be consumed within one day because it alters. Acidic fruits can trigger diarrhea for a short duration, so we recommend it only in small quantities. Avocado is extremely toxic. This fruit contains persin, a toxic acid which causes massive health problems. Excess fat can cause serious heart and liver damage. Also, avoid fried and salted peanuts, crisps, bread, steak, butter, and sauces.
Types of seeds and their importance
Millet is the main budgie food and should not be missed. There are 3 kinds of millet: white (the best), yellow and red. It is ideal to be mixed, but the white is predominant, especially for feeding chicks. Red millet crust is stronger but is also highly nutritious. Millet is abundantly rich in carbohydrates (about 60%) and low in protein (10-12%) and fat (4%), so the amount of energy it provides basic nutrition.
Hemp seeds – The nutritional value is similar to chickpea seeds. They are a very nutritious budgerigar food. These seeds contain a high percentage of protein, vitamin E and many minerals like magnesium, iron, zinc, calcium and phosphorus. These seeds are rich in omega-3 and omega-6, essential for the immune system, feathers and skin, nervous system and heart.
Oat seeds provide energy, aid in digestion, and fight against diseases. Oats contain B-vitamins, fats, carbohydrates, sugars, carotene and minerals.
Sunflower seeds are adored by budgerigars. They contain about 21% carbohydrates, 20% protein and 30% fat.
Phalaris seeds are easily broken and are ideal for budgie chicks. Rich in protein but low in fat, phalaris seeds are excellent for the liver, pancreas and kidneys.
Chickpea seeds - These small black seeds contain a small amount of carbohydrate (15%), but are high in protein (17%), and especially in fat (32%). Have a lot of fat, so use them moderately.
This offers them the opportunity to sharpen their claws and beak. It provides the necessary nutrients, such as calcium.
Sand helps budgerigar digestion
Generally, birds swallow sand to facilitate grinding seeds in the stomach. We recommend that sand be bought from a pet shop because it is sterilized and enriched with iodine, calcium, and magnesium. It is required to have sand in the cage if you want to have a healthy budgerigar.
Water should always be fresh. Put the water in boxes and change it every day or every two days. Once a month you can replace the water with cold chamomile tea, without sugar, in order to eliminate toxins.